The point of that example was to show what’s possible in 2017. Take a look at the work of someone like Ramez Naam, looking at the cost curve of where these technologies have come from, and where they’re going. By 2021, the cost of that same technology stack is going to be a lot, lot less. And affordable to a lot more people (or more likely, bringing the cost down to the point where mobility as a service becomes the default way of getting around).

From Melbourne and Cape Town, with love. Political economist and journalist, and co-founder of